Chapter Four – Animal Records and Welfare

Chapter Four – Animal Records and Welfare


It makes owners and keepers responsible for ensuring that the welfare needs of their animals are met.


These include:


For a suitable environment Suitable cages, ventilation, heating, bedding.

For a suitable diet


Fresh water available at all times

To exhibit normal behaviour patterns


Toilet breaks, space to move
   To be housed with, or apart from, other animals


Individual cages, tables,
To be protected from pain, injury, suffering and disease


Safe handling, clean salon to avoid cross contamination, clean PAT tested equipment.



As a statutory regulator, the RCVS undertakes the responsibilities set out in the Veterinary Surgeons Act 1966 – to maintain a register of veterinary surgeons eligible to practise in the UK; to regulate veterinary education and to regulate professional conduct.



 Some Other Regulations Concerning Animals



Dangerous Dogs Act  – It is an offence to breed from, sell, exchange, give away or abandon dogs of specified breeds  (Pit Bulls, Japanese Tosas, Dogo Argentino, Fila Brasileiro) and their crosses or types. It is an offence to own a dog of these “types” unless it is on the Index of Exempted Dogs maintained by DEFRA (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs). Exempted dogs must be neutered, micro chipped, tattooed, insured and muzzled and kept on a leash in public.


Protection of Animals Act – It is an offence to cause or permit unnecessary suffering to a domestic or captive animal. Neglect constitutes unnecessary suffering.


Animal Boarding Establishment Act 1963 – It is an offence to keep a boarding establishment except under license or authority. This includes premises of any nature providing accommodation for animals as a business (in return for money).


Animals Act 1971 – Keepers of dangerous animals (normally defined as “not commonly domesticated”) are liable for any damage they may cause. This can apply to dogs when the owner is aware that the animal may cause injury or damage.


Breeding and Sale of Dogs Act 1999 – Bitches should be over one year old before being mated, should not have more than one litter in a twelve month period and should not have more than 4 litters of pups. Comprehensive records should be kept on prescribed forms to meet legislation.


Zoonosis Order 1989 – Persons knowing that an animal is infected with salmonella are required to contact DEFRA who have the powers to restrict the movement of the animal and order disinfection of premises.


Veterinary Medications Regulations 2009 – Restricts the use of production, sale and use of medications used in the treatment of animals.