Chapter Ten – Cleaning the Work Environment & Equipment

Chapter Ten – Cleaning the Work Environment & Equipment

ll areas of the work place should be cleaned and disinfected on a regular basis in order to prevent the spread of various diseases and to present a professional hygienic image towards clients. All equipment must be cleaned after each dog to help kill possible bacteria, viruses and fungi.



Areas and equipment to be cleaned [3]



Frequency of cleaning [3]


Equipment including muzzles, table ties, grooming out and dematting tools, clipper blades, scissors and tool trays should be washed, cleaned & disinfected between dogs.

  • Baths, body scrubs and sponges should be cleaned and disinfected between dogs
  • Mirrors should be sprayed and cleaned at the end of each day or sooner if dirty.
  • Floors and walls should be spot cleaned and disinfected after soiling and washed thoroughly at the end of the day.
  • All kennels and cages used should be cleaned and disinfected and the bedding changed between dogs.
  • Good quality and effective cleaning products in animal handling are for example virkon, parvocide or any other commercial disinfectants approved by D.E.F.R.A
  • Guidelines provided by the manufacturer must be followed.
  • Over dilution can lessen efficiency
  • Under dilution can be toxic to dogs and stuff and also can be corrosive to surfaces
  • Recommendation for PPE for example gloves, goggles, masks etc.
  • Should be stored safely and as recommended
  • Enough time left for disinfectants to kill microorganism and also to let surfaces dry before next use



General guidelines to clean equipment:




Cleaning / Sterilizing Maintenance / Storage
Nylon / bristle brushes Remove hair, wash, disinfect and leave to dry or remove hair and UV sterilize Replace when bristles worn, no need special storage
Slicker, pin brushes Remove hair and sterilize. Replace when wire damaged. Keep it out of damp environment to prevent rusting.
Clippers Remove hair with small brush or the aid of blaster. Check cords for breakage. Regular servicing needed
Clipper blades Dip tips of blade while working on clipper (strictly only tips of blade, not clipper) in blade wash to remove hair then remove hair with small brush or with aid of blaster. Can be UV sterilized. Oil and keep out of damp environment to prevent rusting. Replace when teeth damaged. Need sharpening if blunt, catching hair or rattling if blade sockets are worn. Not advised to clip dirty coat as dirt destroys cutting surface.
Combs Remove hair, wash, disinfect and leave to dry or remove hair and UV sterilize. Replace when teeth missing or damaged. Keep it out of damp environment to prevent rusting.
Coat king, stripping knives, mattt breakers Remove hair. UV sterilization. Replace if teeth broken or missing. Keep it out of damp environment to prevent rusting.
Dryers and blasters Remove hair form filters and wheels. Check cords for breakage. Regular servicing needed.
Muzzles Wash, disinfect and dry. Need replacing if torn or broken.
Scissors / Thinners Remove hair and sterilize. Oil joint and blades regularly. Replace if damaged. Need sharpening if blunt. Keep out of environment to prevent rusting. Do not use to cut anything but hair. Keep in padded case and make sure the blades are closed to protect the cutting surface. Not advised to use on dirty coat as dirt destroys cutting surface.
Restraining straps and loops Wash, disinfect and dry. Need replacing if straps are torn or knuckles are broken.
Towels Wash and dry. Keep out of damp environment.


Whilst cleaning equipment it is a good time to check for any kind of damage before next use. Any problem detected should be reported immediately to the manager. If not repairable it will need to be disposed of safely.


Cleaning the cleaning equipment


1.        Mop heads washed on a daily basis in a washing machine (>40◦C)

2.       Cleaning sponges & cloths washed daily in the washing machine

3.       Dustpan and brushes cleaned and disinfected at the end of each day.

4.       Vacuum cleaners emptied every day and collection cylinder wiped out and disinfected with spray. Bags removed when full but should not be allowed to get overfull

5.       Washing machine twice a week should be set to an empty boil wash with added soap powder and cleaning product. The drum should be cleaned at the end of the week when no clients are due in the next day.


Cleaning Your Equipment 




Waste laws


You have a legal responsibility to ensure that you produce, store, transport and dispose of your business waste without harming the environment (environmental damage). This is called your duty of care.


If your business produces any kind of controlled waste you must comply with the duty of care. Most types of business waste are classed as controlled waste including household, commercial and industrial waste. You must keep recordsof all transfers of your waste.


Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Regulations 2006


The Regulations require any ‘producer’ (manufacturer, re-brander, or importer) of EEE to finance the costs of collection and treatment of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) that arises over a calendar year, in proportion to the amount by weight they place on the market.  Producers meet their obligations by registering with an approved Producer Compliance Scheme, who will then purchase evidence of recycling on behalf of the producers from an Approved Authorised Treatment Facility or Approved Exporter.


Waste can be broken down into two types:


Organic: material is that which is living or has once lived. Scraps of food or old leftovers are examples of organic material that is usually thrown into the bin.


Inorganic material: in contrast, is not living and has never lived. Inorganic material that is thrown in the bin can be man made, such as plastic, or from the earth, such as aluminium foil.


There are three types of waste:


  •  Clinical Waste is something which consists of and unless rendered safe may prove hazardous to any person coming into contact with.
  • human or animal tissue
  • blood or bodily fluids
  • excretions
  • drugs or other pharmaceutical products
  • swabs or dressings
  • syringes, needles or other sharp instruments


1.       Household or Domestic waste is solid waste comprising of garbage and rubbish (such as bottles, cans, clothing, compost, disposables, food packaging, food scraps, newspapers and magazines, and yardtrimmings) that originates from private homes or apartments. It may also contain household hazardous waste. Also called domestic waste or residential waste



2.       Commercial waste is solid, non-hazardous waste generated by commercial establishments such as hotels and restaurants, markets, offices, stores, theatres


Waste Type Disposal Method PPE Required
Dog Hair Organic Special establishment bin. Double bag for collection. Incineration. Gloves, Apron, Mask
Cleaning Solutions Inorganic As per manufacturer’s instructions. Sewage specialist. Gloves, Apron, Mask
Dog Faeces  Organic Special establishment bin. Double bag for collection. Incineration. Gloves, Apron
Records Organic Keep for 7 years. Shred and bag for collection. Recycle. If soiled Gloves, Apron
Electrical Equipment Inorganic Wrapped/ packaged and return to manufacturer. Gloves
Food Organic Special establishment bin. Double bag for collection. Incineration. Gloves, Apron
Glass Inorganic Place in plastic container, wrap in news paper or double bag. Sharps bin/ recycle. Gloves


Warning Labels on Cleaning Products



Every commercial activity has an impact on the environment and steps should be taken where possible to keep this damage to a minimum. Consider the daily activities in the salon and make changes to limit the use of resources such as:-



  • use a blaster on dogs after bathing to reduce drying time on the table
  • run the washing machine only when you have a full load of towels.
  • switch off lights in rooms that you are not using.
  •  unplug electric equipment at night.
  • open windows to create a flow of air




  • consider a bathing system which makes use of recycled water
  • adhere to manufacturers recommended dilution of shampoos
  •  switch water off whilst not actually using during bathing


Other steps that can be taken to reduce environmental impact are:


  • use of shampoos with no/few harmful chemicals e.g. organophosphates
  • recycling of cardboard, glass, plastic and electrical equipment and re-use where practical
  • careful scheduling when offering a pick-up / mobile service to minimise fuel use
  • Be aware that the noise caused by barking dogs is viewed as environmental impact (noise pollution) and try to keep it to a minimum.